We can only grant advanced standing for courses that meet the requirements of your chosen program of study. To receive your degree, you must complete more than half the credits for your program at the University of Ottawa. We can grant you advanced standing for higher level courses in which you have achieved a grade of 5.
Earth science also known as geoscienceis an all-embracing term for the sciences related to the planet Earthincluding geologygeophysicshydrologymeteorologyphysical geographyoceanographyand soil science.
Although mining and precious stones have been human interests throughout the history of civilization, the development of the related sciences of economic geology and mineralogy did not occur until the 18th century. The study of the earth, particularly palaeontologyblossomed in the 19th century.
The growth of other disciplines, such as geophysicsin the 20th century led to the development of the theory of plate tectonics in the s, which has had a similar effect on the Earth sciences as the theory of evolution had on biology. Earth sciences today are closely linked to petroleum and mineral resourcesclimate research and to environmental assessment and remediation.
Atmospheric sciences Though sometimes considered in conjunction with the earth sciences, due to the independent development of its concepts, techniques and practices and also the fact of it having a wide range of sub disciplines under its wing, the atmospheric sciences is also considered a separate branch of natural science.
This field studies the characteristics of different layers of the atmosphere from ground level to the edge of the time. The timescale of study also varies from days to centuries. Sometimes the field also includes the study of climatic patterns on planets other than earth. Oceanography The serious study of oceans began in the early to midth century.
As a field of natural science, it is relatively young but stand-alone programs offer specializations in the subject. Though some controversies remain as to the categorization of the field under earth sciences, interdisciplinary sciences or as a separate field in its own right, most modern workers in the field agree that it has matured to a state that it has its own paradigms and practices.
As such a big family of related studies spanning every aspect of the oceans is now classified under this field.
Interdisciplinary studies[ edit ] The distinctions between the natural science disciplines are not always sharp, and they share a number of cross-discipline fields. Physics plays a significant role in the other natural sciences, as represented by astrophysicsgeophysicschemical physics and biophysics.
Likewise chemistry is represented by such fields as biochemistrychemical biologygeochemistry and astrochemistry. A particular example of a scientific discipline that draws upon multiple natural sciences is environmental science.
This field studies the interactions of physical, chemical, geological, and biological components of the environmentwith a particular regard to the effect of human activities and the impact on biodiversity and sustainability.
This science also draws upon expertise from other fields such as economics, law and social sciences. A comparable discipline is oceanographyas it draws upon a similar breadth of scientific disciplines.
Oceanography is sub-categorized into more specialized cross-disciplines, such as physical oceanography and marine biology. As the marine ecosystem is very large and diverse, marine biology is further divided into many subfields, including specializations in particular species.
There are also a subset of cross-disciplinary fields which, by the nature of the problems that they address, have strong currents that run counter to specialization. In some fields of integrative application, specialists in more than one field are a key part of most dialog.
Such integrative fields, for example, include nanoscienceastrobiologyand complex system informatics. Materials science The materials paradigm represented as a tetrahedron Materials science is a relatively new, interdisciplinary field which deals with the study of matter and its properties; as well as the discovery and design of new materials.2 UNCG Undergraduate Bulletin 4 Notices Equality of Educational Opportunity The University of North Carolina at Greensboro is com-mitted to equality of educational opportunity and does not.
How to design and set up your own IB Chemistry practical programme. Full details on more than 30 recommended practicals for the Core/AHL/Options including pdf worksheets for students. Suggestions for other resources to gain ideas and specific details for practicals suitable for.
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The electron is a subatomic particle, symbol e − or β −, whose electric charge is negative one elementary charge. Electrons belong to the first generation of the lepton particle family, and are generally thought to be elementary particles because they have no known components or substructure.
The electron has a mass that is approximately 1/ that of the proton. Chemistry CHEM 1A. General Chemistry 1A. Prerequisites: High school chemistry. Pre or co-requisites: G.E.
Foundation B4 and CHEM 1AL. 93 rows · IB Correlations for Chemistry The International Baccalaureate program .