Confucianism and legalism essay

Li also means religious rites which establish relations between humanity and the gods. According to Stephan Feuchtwang, rites are conceived as "what makes the invisible visible", making possible for humans to cultivate the underlying order of nature. Correctly performed rituals move society in alignment with earthly and heavenly astral forces, establishing the harmony of the three realms—Heaven, Earth and humanity. Among all things of creation, humans themselves are "central" because they have the ability to cultivate and centre natural forces.

Confucianism and legalism essay

Even to the day, their influence can be espied in the many matters of China. Confucianism became the paramount school of thinking and later significant philosophies such as Daoism and Legalism gained immense recognition as well.

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Each party had their own proposals for creating an idealistic political society where the many problems they faced in their everyday lives could be eliminated.

All three approaches were very distinct but at the same time, they contained certain similarities as well. In my reasoning, I find that Confucianism and Daoism could be paralleled in many ways to find several common grounds.

On the other hand, Legalism goes on to take a more unique approach which was much different from the previous two. Kongzi Confucius, a Latinized name was born in B. Throughout his life, he relentlessly tried to gain an office with a prominent ruler of the time who was willing to adopt his various concepts.

Unfortunately, Confucius died in B. However, he succeeded in winning over a handful of devote followers who continued his legacy and Confucianism later went on to become one of the most influential thought systems of Chinese history.

Of his followers, Mencius and Xunzi became the most renown. Since Confucius did not succeed in completing a manual of his views, these followers had to derive their own interpretations of the system which now formulate, the Analects. The Analects portray an idealized gentleman, and his various duties in terms of the society, family and the rituals.

Confucius explains about the way Dao which he believed, that if the people accepted its terms and were willing to abide, they would succeed in creating a utopian society. By the beginning of the common era, another philosophy emerges and gains wide acceptance among the commoners.

Daoism, just like the predecessor and also as the name implies, puts emphasis on "the way," that a certain individual is to abide to. Even though the two systems had different concepts about the way, the common denominator of both schools was to achieve total harmony in the society.

Confucianism and legalism essay

Confucianism focuses mainly on social order while Daoism puts its central focus on being one with the nature. On the other side of the token, Daoism emphasized the need for similar entities. In social relations, human-heartedness is good.

In speaking, the trustworthiness is good. In governing order is good" Ebrey 28B. Both systems, though through different approaches, promote peace and goodwill among the family, society and with neighboring states. Both Confucianism and Daoism accept the presence of a supernatural entity but do not provide a clear explanation on it.

Both thought systems consider it mostly as a mystery that the human mind cannot fully comprehend or alter. Confucius put great importance in conducting numerous rituals for various occasions.

He found it to be an essential part for the well being of the society. He said, "when superiors love ritual, the people are easy to direct" Ebrey 22A.Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism are the three main philosophies of the Chinese people.

They have been the most influential and widely taught philosophies of the Chinese for many centuries. Confucianism, the way of life propagated by Confucius in the 6th–5th century bce and followed by the Chinese people for more than two millennia.

Although transformed over time, it is still the substance of learning, the source of values, and the social code of the Chinese. Its influence has also extended to other countries, particularly Korea, Japan, and Vietnam. Goldsmiths, University of London is in South East London.

Confucianism and legalism essay

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Confucianism became the dominant way of thinking and the later philosophy of Legalism gained immense recognition as well. Each party had their own proposals for creating a better, harmonious society through the leaders, government, and individual lives of the people.

Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism Essay variety of methods – Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism to name a few. Each philosophy had its own set of rules of how people should act both in public and privately.

New Confucianism (Chinese: 新儒家; pinyin: xīn rú jiā; literally: "new Confucianism") is an intellectual movement of Confucianism that began in the early 20th century in Republican China, and further developed in post-Mao era contemporary kaja-net.com is deeply influenced by, but not identical with, the neo-Confucianism of the Song and Ming dynasties.

It is a neo-conservative movement of.

BCE to CE: China | Asia for Educators | Columbia University