Secrecy and censorship involve norms about the control of information. Censorship of communication in the modern sense is associated with large, complex urban societies with a degree of centralized control and technical means of effectively reaching a mass audience. It involves a determination of what can, and can not, or in the case of non-governmental efforts should and should not be expressed in light of given political, religious, cultural, and artistic standards.
He also has the education and the professional adeptness to back it up. What motivated you to research and then write about the influences and the psychological effects of censorship? Writing in China, I obviously had preconceptions about what I could or could not write.
I also felt that I needed to approach China with fresh eyes. That led me to question many assumptions I had grown up with. One of those assumptions was that A the press in the West was free, and the East it was not. A corollary assumption is that a free press is necessarily a good thing. But as I thought about the issue I realized that a lot of "freedom" in the West meant that stories were often told from many different perspectives, with loads of biases, and a busload of lies and falsehoods thrown in.
So, much of what I wrote about was in praise of the communist press, which while censoring many voices was at least dependable in getting a clear voice out. I would typically temper that "praise" by suggesting that a single voice came with its own set of liabilities.
The takeaway message, however, is that China and Thailand as well, although subject to censorship, really aren't able to blot out all of the messages.
I also liked introducing the idea that censoring something makes it more attractive from a psychological standpoint. Can you expand on this? Reporters Without Borders does an annual ranking of press freedom in about countries. China ranks in the bottom five countries, and Thailand is in the lowest third and droppingwhich will likely accelerate as a result of the martial law imposed in Thailand a year and a half ago.
In China, there are a number of topics that are essentially, off-limits — free Tibet, the Falun Gong, independent Taiwan, criticism of party leaders and their policies generally, unequal treatment of minorities or inadequate government responses to their problems, etc.
China will black out sites when they don't like what the messenger has written. The New York Times, for example, has been blacked out for about three years ever since they wrote an article suggesting that one of the Chinese leaders' families was reaping profits as a result of his position.
Thailand too, has a couple of topics that are off limits — primarily criticism of the royal family, which is a crime. In both countries information can be accessed through the use of VPN's Virtual Private Networks, which allow people to communicate private information securely over public networks.
How are people coping with censorship in China? Young people, particularly, gain access to western media using VPN's.
For the most part, people don't seem to concern themselves much with what the government does. That said, my sense is that censorship is like telling Eve not to eat the apple.
Even without the serpent around to entice her, she is going to want the apple. One of the best endorsements for novelists around the turn of the 20th century was when a novel was "banned in Boston. So the impact on people in China and Thailand is that people will either find a way around the censors, or believe that the West where offensive material is not censored must really be a better place to live.
The general take away message for governments should be to avoid trying to censor things. You mentioned that using principles of psychological science could result in good decision-making. Can you explain this? Psychological science can help us understand, predict, and modify behavior.
It can help us critically analyze information with a goal of making informed judgments. For example, China has the highest number of cigarette smokers and smoking related deaths in the world. But it's a problem that has a curious psychological twist because; unlike in most other parts of the world, smoking is gender specific in China.
So, if one were to work on eradicating that particular problem, it would probably be wise to approach the gender issue first and foremost. Of course, a complicating factor is that the government realizes huge revenues in taxes from the sales of cigarettes, but that is a different issue.
What makes government censorship of the press and resultant self-censorship by media itself even more baffling, is that psychological science suggests that it doesn't work.
If you want to make an idea, or nearly anything, more valuable to someone, make it less available by censoring it. For example, more than 40 years ago, when University of North Carolina students learned that a speech opposing coed dorms on campus would be banned, psychologists reported that the students became more opposed to the idea of coed dorms.This essay summarizes how distinct sociological traditions account for cycles of censorship.
Positivist or functionalist modes of analysis are contrasted with the stances of symbolic interactionist researchers. Understanding of cycles in the production of obscenity and censorship is needed to.
Identify five agents of socialization. This process reinforces the blaming-the-victim ideology discussed in Chapter 1 “Sociology and the Sociological Perspective Civil libertarians argue that such calls smack of censorship that violates the First Amendment to the Constitution, whole others argue that they fall within the First.
FIFTY YEARS IN A “MARRIAGE OF CONVENIENCE”: NEWS MEDIA AND MILITARY CENSORSHIP IN ISRAEL HILLEL NOSSEK* YEHIEL LIMOR** One of . Posts about sociological perspectives written by Gregory Dean. About Gregory Dean; Marketography. Search: From the interactionist perspective, mass media is used to define and shape our definitions of a given situation.
This perception of reality seems to evolve as our everyday values and cultures change. A Sociological Perspective. Someone applying the interactionist perspective to technology and the media might seek to understand the difference between the real lives we lead and the reality depicted on “reality” television shows, such as the U.S., based but Canadian MTV production Jersey Shore, with up to , Canadian viewers (Vlessing ).
Throughout this chapter, we will use our sociological imagination to explore how . Impacts OF Media on Society: A Sociological Perspective. 1,Hakim Khalid Mehraj,2,Akhtar Neyaz Bhat,3, Hakeem Rameez Mehraj Lecturer 1,kaja-net.come Baramulla media like television can demonstrate and show how things work.
You would have seen on television how a.