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This resource provides guidelines for paraphrasing and summarizing the sources you have researched. Whether you are writing for the workplace or for academic purposes, you will need to research and incorporate the writing of others into your own texts.
Two unavoidable steps in that process are paraphrasing changing the language into your own and summarizing getting rid of smaller details and leaving only the primary points.
These steps are necessary for three reasons. Second, the original writers did not write for the audiences you are targeting; there are inevitably contents and language choices that will not necessarily work for your audience.
Third, what authors write is considered to be their property, just like a coat or a car; by copying it without giving credityou can be accused of plagiarism. Summarizing and paraphrasing are frequently used together, but not always. The following will give you some basic information on paraphrasing and summarizing, and then you will have the chance to reflect on appropriate paraphrasing and summarizing yourself.
Here is an example, followed by inadequate and adequate paraphrases: The current constitutional debate over heavy metal rock and gangsta rap music is not just about the explicit language but also advocacy, an act of incitement to violence. Lyrics in some rap and heavy metal songs that appear to promote violence, along with concerns about obscenity, have generated a constitutional debate over popular music.
In the inadequate paraphrase, the meaning of the original is altered somewhat: Also, too few of the words have been changed, and the order of the sentence remains essentially the same.
When you are paraphrasing, there are a number of strategies you can apply: Locate the individual statements or major idea units in the original. Change the sentence structure and the order of major ideas, while maintaining the logical connections among them. For example, if the author you are paraphrasing presents a generalization and then backs it up with an example, try using the example as a lead-in to the generalization.
For an individual sentence, try to relocate a phrase from the beginning of the sentence to a position near the end, or vice versa. Substitute words in the original with synonyms, making sure the language in your paraphrase is appropriate for your audience. Combine or divide sentences as necessary.Summarizing and paraphrasing a source activity Luis A.
Resto Perez Com January 4, Ihram Mohammed University of Phoenix Material Summarizing and Paraphrasing a Source Activity Part 1: Summarizing Review the following passage and summarize it in the box as though you were including this information in a research paper.
Paraphrasing and Summarising. Paraphrasing. The following Writing from sources diagram explains this in further detail. source texts. and Summarising Page 2 of How to paraphrase – step by step sample: An extract from your research notes.
So how do you paraphrase? The following activity examines unacceptable and acceptable forms of. Part 1: Summarizing. We will write a custom essay sample on Summarizing and Paraphrasing a Source Activity specifically for you for only $ $/page.
We will write a custom essay sample on Summarizing and Paraphrasing a Source Activity specifically for you. for only $ $/page. Order now. Search. This activity is completed for a research-based writing class, and paraphrasing is a basic skill the students will use throughout the semester.
To encourage students to do their best work. Since the group receives one score, students usually try harder at the paraphrasing when others are counting on them for a . Summarizing and Paraphrasing Summarizing and paraphrasing are skills that require students to reprocess These sources allow students to write plot summaries based on a list of main events.
Example 4D is a plot sum- Be sure to check the part of speech of the word you are. Summarizing and Paraphrasing a Source Activity COM/ Version 4 1 University of Phoenix Material Summarizing and Paraphrasing a Source Activity Part 1: Summarizing Review the following passage and summarize it in the box as though you were including this information in a research paper.