Types of spoofing attacks

If your customers use consumer web mail providers, adopting DMARC would protect them from fraud and abuse. Protecting just these users may alone well justify the effort. In other words, if you own or operate example. The report from each receiver is an XML file that includes the following fields:

Types of spoofing attacks

There are two types of Dos attacks namely; DoS— this type of attack is performed by a single host Distributed DoS— this type of attack is performed by a number of compromised machines that all target the same victim. It floods the network with data packets.

DoS (Denial of Service) Attack Tutorial: Ping of Death, DDOS

We will look at five common types of attacks. Ping of Death The ping command is usually used to test the availability of a network resource. It works by sending small data packets to the network resource. Since the sent data packages are larger than what the server can handle, the server can freeze, reboot, or crash.

The reply IP address is spoofed to that of the intended victim. All the replies are sent to the victim instead of the IP used for the pings.

Since a single Internet Broadcast Address can support a maximum of hosts, a smurf attack amplifies a single ping times. The effect of this is slowing down the network to a point where it is impossible to use it.

Buffer overflow A buffer is a temporal storage location in RAM that is used to hold data so that the CPU can manipulate it before writing it back to the disc. Buffers have a size limit.

This type of attack loads the buffer with more data that it can hold.

Types of spoofing attacks

This causes the buffer to overflow and corrupt the data it holds. An example of a buffer overflow is sending emails with file names that have characters.

Teardrop This type of attack uses larger data packets. The attacker manipulates the packets as they are sent so that they overlap each other. This can cause the intended victim to crash as it tries to re-assemble the packets. This type of attack takes advantage of the three-way handshake to establish communication using TCP.

This causes the victim machine to allocate memory resources that are never used and deny access to legitimate users. DoS attack tools The following are some of the tools that can be used to perform DoS attacks.


Nemesy— this tool can be used to generate random packets. It works on windows.Phishing is a cybercrime in which a target or targets are contacted by email, telephone or text message by someone posing as a legitimate institution to lure individuals into providing sensitive data such as personally identifiable information, banking and credit card details, and passwords.

IP address spoofing is a type of attack when an attacker assumes the source Internet Protocol (IP) address of IP packets to make it appear as though the packet is coming from another valid IP address.

In IP address spoofing, IP packets are generated with fake source IP addresses in order to impersonate other systems or to protect the identity of the sender. Business E-mail Compromise (BEC) is defined as a sophisticated scam targeting businesses working with foreign suppliers and/or businesses that regularly perform wire transfer payments.

Cross-site Scripting (XSS) - OWASP

The E-mail Account Compromise (EAC) component of BEC targets . Jun 05,  · Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) attacks are a type of injection, in which malicious scripts are injected into otherwise benign and trusted websites.

XSS attacks occur when an attacker uses a web application to send malicious code, generally in the form of a . Phishing attacks are emails or malicious websites (among other channels) that solicit personal information from an individual or company by posing as a trustworthy organization or entity.

How Office uses Sender Policy Framework (SPF) to prevent spoofing. 12/15/; 12 minutes to read Contributors. In this article. Summary: This article describes how Office uses the Sender Policy Framework (SPF) TXT record in DNS to ensure that destination email systems trust messages sent from your custom domain.

This applies to outbound mail sent from Office

Spoofing Attacks: Understanding What They Are and How to Prevent Them | Springboard Blog